Amphibian withstands freezing: Siberian salamander
The body of the Siberian salamander survives extreme cold temperatures via 'antifreeze' chemicals.
|Biomimetic Application Ideas|
|Antifreeze for food, for medical supplies, for snow bound adventure seekers who might get caught with frostbite or worse.|
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"Sudden frost is a serious problem for the Siberian salamander. It needs time to adapt to the cold and produce the 'antifreeze' chemicals that replace water in blood and cells and protect tissues from damage by sharp ice crystals. Some animals use glucose, glycerol and related compounds to protect them from freezing in this way. The exact mechanism in the Siberian salamander is not known." (Potapov 1993:15)
Salamandrella keyserlingii Dybowski, 1870
IUCN Red List Status: Unknown
Habitat(s): Artificial - Aquatic, Artificial - Terrestrial, Forest, Grassland, Introduced Vegetation, Shrubland, Wetlands
Some organism data provided by: ITIS: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System
Organism/taxonomy data provided by:
Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life: 2008 Annual Checklist
Application Ideas: Antifreeze for food, for medical supplies, for snow bound adventure seekers who might get caught with frostbite or worse.
Industrial Sector(s) interested in this strategy: Manufacturing, medicine, recreation