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Vessels resist bubble formation: trees

Xylem vessels running up tree trunks prevent gas bubble formation because all surfaces are hydrophilic.

BIOMIMICRY TAXONOMY
Summary
"The water columns in the xylem vessels running up the trunk of a tree provide a dramatic example of what's possible when all surfaces are hydrophilic. With megapascals of negative pressures virtually any dissolved gas ensures supersaturation, yet bubbles rarely form. It's a good thing, too- a tiny bubble would rupture a water column since any bubble is itself an appropriate surface for gas formation; and, once formed, bubbles grow almost explosively in a supersaturated liquid." (Vogel 2003:111)
About the inspiring organism
Plantae
Plantae

Learn more at EOL.org
Organism/taxonomy data provided by:
Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life: 2008 Annual Checklist


Bioinspired products and application ideas

Application Ideas: Creating specific hydrophobic sites in manufacturing process to create novel bubble based materials.

Industrial Sector(s) interested in this strategy: Chemistry, manufacturing

References
Steven Vogel. 2003. Comparative Biomechanics: Life's Physical World. Princeton: Princeton University Press. 580 p.
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