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Muscles self-repair: human


Muscles of the human thigh / Gontzal Garc.. / LicenseCC-by-nc-sa - Attribution Non-commercial Share Alike

Muscles of humans go through self-repair and remodeling due to a modular system that incorporates nutrient and waste transport.

"The ability to adapt in response to changes in functional demands sets living tissues apart from their engineered counterparts. Muscles grow during development, they remodel in response to use and disuse, and they are able to repair themselves after an injury…The modular design of muscle also facilitates the remodeling and repair of the muscle. The selfhealing properties of muscle emerge from the integration of muscles into a system that allows wound healing and continuous turnover via transport of nutrients and removal of waste products. It is arguably much simpler to grow and repair individual units than having to adapt the entire structure." (Bar-Cohen 2006:50-52)
About the inspiring organism
Med_1948899638_7d7034c93b_b human
Homo sapiens Linnaeus, 1758
Common name: man

Learn more at
Some organism data provided by: ITIS: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System
Organism/taxonomy data provided by:
Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life: 2008 Annual Checklist

Threat Categories LONG_LC IUCN Red List Status: Least Concern

Bioinspired products and application ideas

Application Ideas: Integrated system of self-repairing modules and waste transport. Building with modularity to accommodate repair, replacement. Develop remodeling polymer actuators for use in prosthetics and robotics by integrating systems into existing self-repairing polymers that facilitate transport of necessary components and removal of waste products.

Industrial Sector(s) interested in this strategy: Construction; Manufacturing, Business Practices; Prosthetics; Robotics.

Yoseph Bar-Cohen. 2006. Biomimetics: biologically inspired technologies. Boca Raton, FL: CRC/Taylor & Francis. 527 p.
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