• Strategy

Paper produced for nest-building: hornets


Close-up of paper wasp nest / Harry Ruther.. / LicenseCC-by-nc - Attribution Non-commercial

The nests of Vespa hornets are made out of a paper substance produced from the mixture of saliva with wood pulp.

"The powerful mandibles of the hornet are…used to cut and chew wood to make its nest. Wood pulp is mixed with saliva and converted by the hornet into a paper substance from which an elaborate tiered nest is made which may house thousands of individuals." (Foy and Oxford Scientific Films 1982:159)
About the inspiring organism

Learn more at EOL.org
Organism/taxonomy data provided by:
Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life: 2008 Annual Checklist

Bioinspired products and application ideas

Application Ideas: New methods for processing cellulose.

Industrial Sector(s) interested in this strategy: Biofuels, paper

Foy, Sally; Oxford Scientific Films. 1982. The Grand Design: Form and Colour in Animals. Lingfield, Surrey, U.K.: BLA Publishing Limited for J.M.Dent & Sons Ltd, Aldine House, London. 238 p.
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