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Cells manage monovalent ions: fish

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Northern Pike gills / SKSikkema / LicenseCC-by - Attribution

The gills of fish manage monovalent ion concentrations via specialized chloride cells.

BIOMIMICRY TAXONOMY
Summary
"Water flow over the secondary lamellae is countercurrent to capillary blood flow, resulting in extremely efficient oxygen extraction. Gills also function in monovalent ion regulation (via specialized chloride cells) and nitrogenous waste excretion (ammonia)." (Fowler and Miller 2003:4)
About the inspiring organism
Chordata
Chordata

Learn more at EOL.org
Organism/taxonomy data provided by:
Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life: 2008 Annual Checklist


Bioinspired products and application ideas

Application Ideas: Water purification of ions, regulating ion concentration for chemical reactions.

Industrial Sector(s) interested in this strategy: Water, manufacturing

References
Fowler, ME; Miller, RE. 2003. Zoo and Wild Animal Medicine. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders Co.
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