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Feet sensitive to sweetness: butterfly

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Butterfly / Muhammad Mah.. / LicenseGFDL - Gnu Free Document License

The feet of butterflies taste sweetness using extremely sensitive taste hairs.

BIOMIMICRY TAXONOMY
Summary
"No matter where they are on an insect's body, taste sensors normally take the form of hairlike structures called taste hairs. Each one usually has five sensory nerve cells (neurons) at its base, four of which are concerned with taste. Of these, one always responds to sugar, a second to water, and the other two to various salts…Butterflies also have feet that can sense sweetness. When they have been starved, they can detect sugar diluted in water down to concentrations as low as 0.003 percent using their feet. This is a sensitivity 200 times greater than that of the human tongue." (Shuker 2001:33)
About the inspiring organism
Med_butterflyfeetsensors Lepidoptera
Lepidoptera

Learn more at EOL.org
Organism/taxonomy data provided by:
Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life: 2008 Annual Checklist


Bioinspired products and application ideas

Application Ideas: Highly sensitive biosensors.

Industrial Sector(s) interested in this strategy: Food industry, biosensors, agriculture, medical

References
Shuker, KPN. 2001. The Hidden Powers of Animals: Uncovering the Secrets of Nature. London: Marshall Editions Ltd. 240 p.
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