• Strategy

Muscles produce energy and heat: mammals


Cross section of skeletal muscle. / Department o.. / LicenseGFDL - Gnu Free Document License

Muscles are contractile tissues that produce force and cause motion through a process involving electrical impulses and metabolization of glucose, producing ATP and lactic acid.

"The muscle consumes oxygen and fuel that can be transported via a circulation system; the muscle itself supports the chemical reaction that leads to mechanical work; electrochemical circuits can act as nerves, controlling actuation; some energy is stored locally in the muscle itself; and, like natural muscle, the materials studied…contract linearly." (Madden 2006:1559)
About the inspiring organism

Learn more at EOL.org
Organism/taxonomy data provided by:
Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life: 2008 Annual Checklist

Bioinspired products and application ideas

Application Ideas: Actuators, fuel cells, electrical motors.

Industrial Sector(s) interested in this strategy: Manufacturing, Medicine, Nanotechnology, Engineering Architecture

Madden, J. D. 2006. Artificial muscle begins to breathe. Science. 311(5767): 1559-1560.
Learn More at Google Scholar Google Scholar  

Ebron VH; Yang Z; Seyer DJ; Kozlov ME; Oh J; Xie H; Razal J; Hall LJ; Ferraris JP; MacDiarmid AG; Baughman, RH. 2006. Fuel-powered artificial muscles. Science. 311(5767): 1580-1583.
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over 4 years ago
Thanks to Duarte Miguel Prazeres for finding and uploading these photos.
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