Cryptobiosis protects from extremes: water bear
Water bears survive extreme environmental conditions by entering a reversibly suspended metabolic state known as cryptobiosis.
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"They simply emerge from their cryptobiotic state, rehydrate themselves, and amble away on their four pairs of stubby claw-tipped legs, completely unharmed. Even today, the physiological mysteries behind the tardigrades' unparalleled powers of endurance during cryptobiosis remain unsolved." (Shuker 2001:113)
On the left, the tardigrade is starting to dehydrate, with a sugar solution, trehalose, thickening as the water is lost. This protects the tardigrade's cells from damage until moisture conditions improve. Artist: Emily Harrington. Copyright: All rights reserved. See gallery for details.
Organism/taxonomy data provided by:
Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life: 2008 Annual Checklist
Application Ideas: Vaccine storage; preservation.
Industrial Sector(s) interested in this strategy: Medical, foodBiomatrica SampleMatrix® - Biological sample stabilization at room temperature
VitRIS and HydRIS vaccine stabilization technologies - Thermostable vaccines