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Structures create colorful feathers: common kingfisher

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common kingfisher / Sergey Yelis.. / LicenseCC-by-nc-nd - Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives

Feathers of the common kingfisher create colorful feathers due to pigment granules, spongy nanostructures, and thin films.

BIOMIMICRY TAXONOMY
Summary
"The bright colours of the common kingfisher A. [Alcedo] atthis are created by two types of feather barb: one filled with pigment granules and the other with quasi-ordered channel-type keratinous sponges. A broad-band background reflection is added by the cortex of the shiny feathers, especially when the feathers are illuminated from oblique directions." (Stayenga et al. 2011:3966)
About the inspiring organism
Med_king Common Kingfisher
Alcedo atthis (Linnaeus, 1758)

Learn more at EOL.org
Some organism data provided by: ITIS: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System
Organism/taxonomy data provided by:
Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life: 2008 Annual Checklist

Threat Categories LONG_LC IUCN Red List Status: Least Concern

Bioinspired products and application ideas

Application Ideas: Paints for cars, buildings, industrial applications. Cosmetics and fabrics.

Industrial Sector(s) interested in this strategy: Manufacturing, Interior decorating

References
Stavenga DG; Tinbergen J; Leertouwer HL; Wilts BD. 2011. Kingfisher feathers – colouration by pigments, spongy nanostructures and thin films. The Journal of Experimental Biology. 214: 3960-3967.
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