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Microorganisms degrade crude oil: bacteria

Bacteria degrade crude oil more quickly when working in multi-species consortiums.

BIOMIMICRY TAXONOMY
Summary
"The data reported here supported the premise that faster rate of degradation of HCs is achieved by the action of assemblages of pure strains of microorganisms with overall broad enzymatic capabilities rather than by a single versatile organisms." (Adebusoye et al. 2007:1158)
About the inspiring organism
Bacteria
Bacteria

Learn more at EOL.org
Organism/taxonomy data provided by:
Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life: 2008 Annual Checklist


Bioinspired products and application ideas

Application Ideas: Cleanup of petroleum-contaminated sites with a spectrum of microorganisms to degrade a variety of petroleum products; biodegradable household cleaning products; soil-applied non-bacterial formulation to stimulate indigenous bacteria to degrade petroleum pollutants; cleaning oil tank vehicles, vessels, storage tanks, and pipelines from petroleum-based residue; bioremediation of petroleum contaminants in soil and water; removable or reduction of petroleum contaminants in sewage systems, to open obstructed pipes, and control odor; seeding soil and water with microbes to facilitate adaptation of indigenous microbes to degrade hydrocarbons; deodorizing and cleaning of animal fur, meat, and poultry operations; facilitating solid waste processing; fire-fighting foam, industrial cleaning and degreasing products that are alternative to traditional solvents;

Industrial Sector(s) interested in this strategy: Oil Industry, Petroleum Refinery, Mining Industry, Bioremediation, Water Quality, Waste Treatment, Household Cleaning Products, Agriculture, Industrial Microbiology, Bioremediation

Experts
Department of Botany and Microbiology
Sunday A. Adebusoye
University of Lagos
References
Adebusoye, S. A.; Ilori, M. O.; Amund, O. O.; Teniola, O. D.; Olatope, S. O. 2007. Microbial degradation of petroleum hydrocarbons in a polluted tropical stream. World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology. 23(8): 1149-1159.
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