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Extremophile converts fatty-acids into energy: bacteria

Metabolic process of extremophile bacteria converts fatty acids into a variety of secondary compounds, including hydrogen, by running normal metabolism backwards.

BIOMIMICRY TAXONOMY
Summary
"It survives on a food so unrewarding it needs help disposing of its waste. Eking out an existence only by turning the normal chemistry of life back to front, the bacterium Syntrophus aciditrophicus is one of the most extreme-living organisms known. Now its genome has been sequenced and is yielding clues as to how it survives. It might even help us make hydrogen from waste. Robert Gunsalus of the University of California, Los Angeles, and colleagues identified 3169 genes in Syntrophus. The bacterium performs a key part of the carbon cycle by breaking down fatty acids--used by almost no other organisms as an energy source. To do this, its genes stand normal energy-generation reactions on their head (Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0610456104). In normal respiration, organic compounds are oxidised, and the electrons this liberates are used to drive the production of the energy-storage molecule ATP. In Syntrophus the electrons go the opposite way as the bacterium turns fatty acids into a variety of breakdown products that it feeds on, plus hydrogen and the chemical formate. It survives only with the 'help' of other bacteria that hoover up the hydrogen and formate--otherwise it could not feed. Understanding the bacterium's metabolism will 'hopefully make biohydrogen production a reality', says Gunsalus." (Hooper 2007: 12) from issue 2600 of New Scientist magazine, 21 April 2007, page 12)
About the inspiring organism
Bacteria
Bacteria

Learn more at EOL.org
Organism/taxonomy data provided by:
Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life: 2008 Annual Checklist


Bioinspired products and application ideas

Application Ideas: Hydrogen production, novel synthetic reactions for converting waste into energy.

Industrial Sector(s) interested in this strategy: Energy, Green chemistry

Experts
Department of Microbiology, Immunology, and Molecular Genetics
Robert P. Gunsalus
University of California Los Angeles
References
Hooper, R. 2007. Extreme bacteria run chemistry of life in reverse. New Scientist. 194(2600): 12-12.
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