Networks share water: fungi
Roots of plants transfer water among them via common mycorrhizal networks.
|Biomimetic Application Ideas|
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"For example, the dominant taxa within the mesocosms, i.e. Boletus, Cortinarius, and Pisolithus, produce hydrophobic mantles and well-differentiated rhizomorphs, two traits considered typical of drought-resistant EM [ectomycorrhizal] (Agerer, 2001). These well-differentiated rhizomorphs transport and hold significant amounts of water in the large diameter vascular vessels (Duddridge et al., 1980; Brownlee et al., 1983; Agerer, 2001, see also Fig. 2). Lactarius produces smooth, undifferentiated rhizomorphs, whereas Cenococcum mycorrhizae form envelopes of external hyphae rather than rhizomorphs (Agerer, 2001) that promote more localized distributions of water (Fig. 4). Further, hyphal anastamosis by AMF may create large interconnected networks with low resistance to solute flow (Giovanetti et al., 2004)." (Egerton-Warburton et al. 2007:1482)
Organism/taxonomy data provided by:
Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life: 2008 Annual Checklist
Application Ideas: Metaphor for sharing resources, moving materials and waste around a community. Drought resistance methods.
Industrial Sector(s) interested in this strategy: Agriculture
Louise M. Egerton-Warburton