• Strategy

Plants survive few pollinators: peatland plants


Kalmia polifolia / Mirjana Cham.. / LicenseCC-by-nc-sa - Attribution Non-commercial Share Alike

Plants in peatlands survive low numbers of pollinators by staggering their flowering times.

"Many plant species depend on insect pollinators, and such insects are often rare on peatlands. Bog dwarf shrubs have separated flowering times. For instance, in Ontario the flowering sequence is Chamaedaphne calyculata, Andromeda glaucophylla, Kalmia polifolia, Rhododendron groenlandicum, Vaccinium macrocarpon (with wide overlap in flowering time only between Andromeda and Kalmia). The pollinators (e.g. bees) are quite generalist and serve several species, so it may well be that the differentiation in flowering time has evolved to avoid competition for pollinators (Reader 1975)." (Rydin and Jeglum 2006:56)
About the inspiring organism

Learn more at EOL.org
Organism/taxonomy data provided by:
Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life: 2008 Annual Checklist

Bioinspired products and application ideas

Application Ideas: Designing agricultural systems to be resilient despite low pollinator populations by providing a sequence of plants in flower. Staggering growing seasons to adapt to pollinator species that are active at certain times of the year. Maximizing the success of business ventures, communications initiatives, or other organizational efforts by inputting diverse resources that vary over time.

Industrial Sector(s) interested in this strategy: Agriculture, bee-keeping

Rydin, H.; Jeglum, J. K. 2006. The Biology of Peatlands. Oxford University Press. 343 p.
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Reader RJ. 1975. Competitive relationships of some bog ericads for major insect pollinators. Canadian Journal of Botany. 53(13): 1300-1305.
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